Budgetary And Non Budgetary Control Techniques Pdf

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Explanation: Budgets and Budgetary Controls in 2021 [Updated]

They are statistical data, special reports and analysis, breakeven analysis, internal audit, standard costs, ratio-analysis etc. All needed and available data are collected and presented in tables, charts and graphs. Through them performances are assessed.

To analyse particular problem areas, special staff are appointed to collect information's. This analysis shows the relationship of sales and expenses and the stage at what volumes of revenues cover expenses. If the ratio falls there would be loss. This is one of the traditional non-budgetary control devices in vogue. Through internal audit various operations are appraised and deviations are detected.

Under this technique a project is divided into various units in a time sequence. For each event the 'critical path' is found, which is a sequence of events which takes the longest time and which involves the least slack time. Summarised events are given for top-management's perusal. Standard costs are prepared working out the cost of materials and labour for each unit of the product adding a standard overhead rate.

Variations in costs could be found comparing the standard costs. Ratio analysis shows the relationship or proper mix up of one factor to the other. There are various relations used in financial analysis. They are net sales to working capital, net sales to inventory, quick ratio, current ratio, administrative expenses to sales, breakeven point etc. Login New User. Sign Up. Forgot Password? New User? Continue with Google Continue with Facebook. Gender Male Female. Create Account. Already Have an Account?

All you need of B Com at this link: B Com. The Non-Budgeting Control Device are as follows: They are statistical data, special reports and analysis, breakeven analysis, internal audit, standard costs, ratio-analysis etc. Statistical Data: All needed and available data are collected and presented in tables, charts and graphs. Special Reports and Analysis: To analyse particular problem areas, special staff are appointed to collect information's. Break-even Analysis: This analysis shows the relationship of sales and expenses and the stage at what volumes of revenues cover expenses.

Internal Audit: This is one of the traditional non-budgetary control devices in vogue. Standard Costs: Standard costs are prepared working out the cost of materials and labour for each unit of the product adding a standard overhead rate.

Ratio Analysis: Ratio analysis shows the relationship or proper mix up of one factor to the other. Download EduRev app here for B Com preparation. Arshit Thakur. It has gotten views and also has 4. Contemporary Management. Related Searches. By continuing, I agree that I am at least 13 years old and have read and agree to the terms of service and privacy policy.

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Budgetary Control: Meaning, Objectives, Techniques, Steps

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Published on Jul 14, This presentation discusses about budgetary control techniques in Principles of Management.

BUDGET AND BUDGETARY CONTROL PRACTICES OF SOME SELECTED CREDIT UNIONS WITHIN THE ASHANTI CHAPTER

Impact of IT in management concepts-Discuss. Explain the various steps in controlling process and state the essentials of effective control. Write short notes on : i Control and productivity problems and management ii Direct and preventive control i What is productivity? Explain the methods of improving productivity in IT industry. Define control 2.

Techniques of Controlling

They are statistical data, special reports and analysis, breakeven analysis, internal audit, standard costs, ratio-analysis etc. All needed and available data are collected and presented in tables, charts and graphs. Through them performances are assessed. To analyse particular problem areas, special staff are appointed to collect information's. This analysis shows the relationship of sales and expenses and the stage at what volumes of revenues cover expenses. If the ratio falls there would be loss. This is one of the traditional non-budgetary control devices in vogue.

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Published on Jul 14, This presentation discusses about non budgetary control techniques in Principles of Management.

Business concerns have been using a number of devices for the purpose of controlling. Broadly, all the devices of control can be classified into a budgetary control devices and b non-budgetary control devices. Budgetary control devices include budgets such as production budget, cash budget, capital budget, sales budget etc. A brief explanation of these devices is as follows. A budget is a financial or quantitative statement prepared for a definite period of time. It states the policy to be pursued during that period for the purpose of attaining a given objective. It provides standards for comparison with the results actually achieved.

Среди вещей были паспорт, бумажник и очки, засунутые кем-то в один из ботинков. Еще здесь был вещевой мешок, который полиция взяла в отеле, где остановился этот человек. Беккер получил четкие инструкции: ни к чему не прикасаться, ничего не читать. Просто все привезти.

Но ТРАНСТЕКСТ не был обычным компьютером - его можно было отформатировать практически без потерь. Машины параллельной обработки сконструированы для того, чтобы думать, а не запоминать. В ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ практически ничего не складировалось, взломанные шифры немедленно отсылались в главный банк данных АНБ, чтобы… Сьюзан стало плохо. Моментально прозрев и прижав руку ко рту, она вскрикнула: - Главный банк данных.

Он старался двигаться быстрее, знал, что где-то позади идет человек с пистолетом. Беккер смешался с толпой прихожан и шел с низко опущенной головой. Собор был уже совсем рядом, он это чувствовал. Толпа стала еще плотнее, а улица шире.

Хейл включил свой компьютер. - Специально для тебя, дорогая.

5 Response
  1. Stonenewro

    Budgetary Control is a means of control in which the actual results are compared with the budgeted results so that appropriate action may be taken about any deviations between the two.

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